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I am not a fan of investing in gold. In fact, gold is not an investment at all, it is a commodity. When you trade in commodities, you are speculating, not investing, and that is far too risky for my blood. But there are those who feel they simply MUST own gold in case the US economy tanks just like what happened to Argentina in 1998, Zimbabwe in 2000, and Venezuela in 2013.
But if our economy tanks, will having gold to trade do anyone any good? No one will have money to buy the gold. People would likely be more interested in trading services or goods than trading their valuable commodity for your gold (which is not edible). In this situation a loaf of bread will be very valuable. I’m not sure people will think a hunk of gold will be worth a trade. I think I would rather invest in bullets to prepare for such a crash.
I was recently introduced to a new way of owning gold. Goldbacks, seen in this articles picture on my website, are way easier to trade for goods than any other form of gold. They come in several denominations, are easy to transport, and would work well in the place of money. But are they good enough to use in place of dollars?
Goldbacks are a clever idea that is most appealing to “preppers.” Preppers are those who work to reduce their dependence on governmental infrastructure. They stockpile goods (food, water, and tools) and learn survival skills so they can be more independent in the event a catastrophe forces them to become self-sufficient, “off the grid.” They are also fond of gold as a means for making transactions in the event of a monetary collapse.
The main problem with gold is it tends to be either in the form of a bar, or a piece of jewelry. Money, on the other hand, is held in multiple denominations and is an easy form of trade. It is very hard to make change for a bar of gold, or to only scrape off a little bit of gold for a transaction.
One solution for this problem is smaller bars that are made like a Hershey chocolate bar so one can break off small pieces that will be a uniform size, such as one gram. There are 31.1 grams in a troy ounce of gold. (Troy ounces are used to measure precious metals and should not be confused with a standard ounce) The price of gold when I wrote this was $2,057.38 per troy ounce. That makes a gram of gold worth $66.15, which is the smallest trading commodity of gold bars. However, sixty-six dollars and fifteen cents is too large to be the smallest denomination. So along came Goldbacks, which come in various sizes as small as 1/1000th of an ounce, which is worth about $4, and have the familiar shape of currency.
Goldbacks are made of 24k gold shaped into flat pieces that look like currency. Each piece is then coated with a clear polymer to hold it together. It comes in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 25, and 50. Each denomination represents the corresponding number of 1/1000th of an ounce of gold. For example, the 10 Goldback is 10/1000th of an ounce of gold. It resembles paper money and can be spent the same way.
It is minted by Valaurum, a private mint in a secret location in Oregon, and is not part of any regulated monetary system. It is simply gold made into a useable form for trading. They are currently used in five states: Utah, Nevada, New Hampshire, Wyoming and South Dakota. Each of these states have laws in place that let people use gold as legal tender. They are not backed by any state or federal government. They are a private monetary instrument.
Each Goldback is a beautiful piece of art. Consequently, they are also purchased by collectors, like the state quarters that were introduced in 1999.
Advantages of using Goldbacks
Goldbacks are not just backed by a true commodity, they are the commodity. When you have a Goldback, you are holding gold in your hands. Dollars are valued by policy. At one time the US Dollar was backed by gold, but that came to an end in 1933.
Goldbacks come in several denominations, including small ones, so it is easy to trade and make change.
Transactions can be private since Goldbacks cannot be deposited into a bank.
These “bills” are easily carried in a wallet.
This is an easy way to buy gold in small amounts for those who can’t afford a gold bar.
Makes a great and exciting gift.
Disadvantages of Goldbacks
They are new so few places use them for trade. Businesses in the five states supporting Goldbacks have signs stating they take Goldbacks. In those businesses they can be used like money. One Goldback is the equivalent of $4. For the rest of the country, they are a collector’s item for now.
There is no FDIC insurance. To deposit these in a bank, one either puts them in a safe deposit box or converts them to dollars first.
They are not actual cash, so they are less liquid than cash.
There is only about $20M in circulation.
Biggest disadvantage is the markup
Currently Goldbacks are expensive to make. Thus, the markup is just short of 100%. So one Goldback, which contains about $2 worth of gold costs just shy of $4. But once owned, trades for $4.
I did a price comparison of different forms of gold.
The spot price of gold is $2,057.38 per troy ounce.
Buying a 1K (2.2 pounds) bar of gold costs $67,426.32. This equates to $2,096.98/oz. which comes to about a 1% markup.
Buying a 50g bar of gold that is stamped to break easily into 1g bits, costs $3,519.69 which equates to $2,190.22/oz. Which is a 6.5% markup.
Buying one of each denomination of a New Hampshire Goldback set, which is 91/1000th of an ounce, costs $348.53. This price is much more affordable than the other options, but works out to $3,830.34/oz, an 86% markup.
The high markup is said to be because of the expense of making the Goldbacks. They are stamped thin to a precise size, covered with beautiful artwork, and coated with a polymer. They are also exchangeable. If the polymer coating on a Goldback begins to come apart, it can be traded in for a new one, just like a worn-out dollar bill.
So, if you really need to have some gold as an investment, buy a gold bar which has the smallest markup in price.
But, if you want to own gold and don’t have much money, or you want to give your grandchild a cool gift of gold, the small denominations provided by Goldbacks are a nice choice.
There is a premium to pay for gold to be made into a form that is easy to trade. Is that premium worth the price? I don’t know. At this point I see them as more of a novelty item than a currency option.
Even with the markup, they are still a better deal than cryptocurrency, which has a value determined by smoke and mirrors. Worse case with the Goldbacks, you can melt them down and sell the gold. Worse case with crypto, your investment becomes the value of the smoke used in the smoke and mirror valuation method.